Category Archives: Access to care

The end TB Project : bringing new treatments for MDR-TB to the patients in need

International organizations Partners In Health (PIH), Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Interactive Research and Development (IRD) and their financial partner UNITAID started in April 2015 the endTB project, a partnership aimed at radically changing the management of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).

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The main risk factors for MDR-TB are social determinants of health

Factors associated with primary transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis compared with healthy controls in Henan Province, China
Wei-Bin Li, Yan-Qiu Zhang, Jin Xing, Zhen-Ya Ma, Ya-Hong Qu and Xin-Xu Li, Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2015, 4:14

Findings from this study showed that being single, earning a low income, having mental stress, lacking medical insurance, and suffering from a chronic debilitating disease were potential risk factors associated with primary MDR-TB. However, risk factors of nosocomial transmission and close contact were not found.

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Répondre à la pénurie mondiale de professionnels de la santé à travers le E-learning

 Sur mandat de l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), des chercheurs de l'Imperial College de Londres ont mené une revue systématique de la littérature afin d'établir des données probantes à propos du E-Learning en tant que méthode d'apprentissage pour la formation de base des professionnels de la santé.

Les résultats, tirés d'un total de 108 études , ont montré que par l'apprentissage E-learning (en ligne et hors ligne) les élèves acquièrent des connaissances et des compétences aussi bien ou mieux par rapport à l'enseignement traditionnel.

Selon cette recherche, le E-learning pourrait permettre à des millions d'étudiants autour du monde de se former en tant que infirmiers/ères  ou médecins

Accéder à la page du site de l’OMS (en anglais)

The great gap in health outcomes for African Americans

On April 28th QUARZ reported about health outcomes of the population of Baltimore, Maryland, where African Americans represent 64% of the city population.

In spite of having the same figures in term of health insurance coverage than the white population, African Americans have lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality rate, higher rate of low birth weight and higher  mortality rate from cardio-vascular diseases. African Americans have a ten fold increased risk of getting infected with HIV/AIDS and are five times more likely to die from the disease than white people.

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Inégalités en santé et minorités ethniques

Autour du monde, l’état de santé des personnes issues de minorités ethniques est moins bon comparé au reste de la population. Les soins de santé accessibles à ces populations sont de moins bonne qualité.

A travers son  rapport 2013, le Minority Rights Group International décrit  les facteurs contribuant aux inégalités en santé et propose des pistes d’intervention afin que les pays puissent mieux répondre aux besoins de l’ensemble de leur population.

accéder à la page ONU web : droits des minorités 

NCD initiatives

In 2011 WHO organized the First global ministerial conference on healthy lifestyles and NCDs control. Based on The Global strategy for the prevention and control of NCDs and its action plan, the conference aimed at supporting Member States to develop and strengthen policies and programmes on healthy lifestyles and NCD prevention. 

The forum report describes the objectives, content and the meeting  outcomes  that would help to move NCD prevention and control forward ( p.19) Here are some key outcomes:

−There was broad agreement that NCD prevention and control is critical to national development (health, social and economic) and effective development cannot occur without addressing NCDs.

– Better epidemiological surveillance of NCDs is critical to demonstrate the extent of the problem and empower government action based on evidence and to monitor progress.

Health systems strengthening, including adequate and well-trained supply of health worker, should focus on integration across disease areas and particularly on community-based primary health care.

Implementing the agreed ‘best buys’, e.g. raising taxes on tobacco and alcohol are key opportunities to reduce risk factors and, potentially, generate revenue that can be used to tackle NCDs